Keywords: Apocalypse God Faust Goethe literature myth morality religion folk religiosity romantism symbolics

KMT 2016 nr 3 Download PDF

Michał Kazimierczuk

Goethe's Faust as a tragedy of the development of Modernity in thought of M. Berman

Cite: Michał Kazimierczuk, Faust Goethego jako tragedia rozwoju nowoczesności w ujęciu M. Bermana, "Kultura - Media - Teologia", 2016( 26) nr 3, s. 107-127.

DOI: 10.21697/kmt.26.6

Marshall Berman is an American philosopher, dealing with questions of modernity. Inspired by Marxism philosopher follows changes of the modern spirit in modern history. According to Berman, the tragedy of Goethe occupies a unique place in European literature. According to the author Politics of authenticity the fate of Faust focused dilemmas of modernization and social development at the turn of the nineteenth century. In his novel reading of the nineteenth century Goethe's tragedy, Berman treats the process of self-discovery of the main character, as a composite of three stages. The culmination of the spiritual growth of Faust is the stage, that Berman called ,,developer'', which takes place in second part of the tragedy. Berman goes beyond the canonical way of interpretation of Faust in key affair of the main character of Margaret, also abandons it the path of theological interpretation of Goethe's drama. Devilish pact between Faust and Mephistopheles, is a new manifesto alliance between human dreams of fullness, and dark powers of technological progress.

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mgr Michał Kazimierczuk

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